Dr Caroline Lee leads the animal behaviour and welfare research team at CSIRO. She completed her PhD at The University of Sydney in 2001. Since joining CSIRO, Caroline has worked on developing novel methods of welfare assessment in sheep, cattle and poultry. Dr Lee’s research aims to develop new methods to measure emotions in animals and to align technologies and systems with animal learning abilities to improve animal welfare. She also works on developing ethically acceptable virtual fencing systems for cattle and sheep. Dr Lee is an Adjunct Associate Professor in the School of Rural Science, The University of New England. She represents CSIRO on the Management Committee of the OIE Collaborating Centre for Animal Welfare Science and Bioethical Analysis, the National Animal Welfare RD &E Strategy Management Committee and is a member of the Regional Animal Welfare Strategy. She was also the Deputy Director of the Board of the Australian and New Zealand Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching Ltd (ANZCCART).